Uncle Thor's Lessons, Anecdotes and Humor


Rune Musings: The Odal Rune – No Borrowed Ancestors

Odal – No Borrowed Ancestors

Being adopted, I had a hard time connecting with MY ancestors. For several reasons, I could not and would not borrow the lineage of my adoptive family.

I was not going to fuss over honoring borrowed ancestors.

Finding a lineage of my own came in an odd and wonderful way. Audrey and I were looking at the old veterans’ gravestones at Tennent Church. Many casualties from the Battle of Monmouth are buried there. We were looking at stones from those who had died after the War. At the start, some were marked Continental Line. Others were marked NJ Militia. From there it went to later wars, such as the War of 1812, Mexican War, Civil War, etc.

That was where I found my lineage. The Continental Line was the regular Army of the Revolution. The Militia was the predecessor of the National Guard. I had served both in the regular Army and the National Guard, and felt a connection. Here was a lineage that fit me. I am part of that line of American soldiers stretching from the old militia to the present.

There are other groups that give a sense of precedence and continuity. Members have the feeling of being part of a tradition that predates them. These may be fraternal groups such as the Freemasons or Elks, veterans groups like the American Legion, various occult groups, and religious societies like the Knights of Columbus. I should note that only a few of the aforementioned groups and others like them are over 100 years old. Nonetheless, each has its traditions which help establish a feeling of continuity among members. They have a lineage, whether short or long.

The idea of ancestry and lineage connects us to the past and present. Instead of being a lone thing, it gives us a sense of belonging to something that was ours before we were born. For most people, it is easy. They have a family lineage. For others, a sense of continuity from a precedent must be discovered.

Being without a familial lineage, I am more cognizant of the need for a connection to some precedent. Fortunately, I found more than one.


My wife can trace her ancestors back to the 14th century. Through marriage, I have become part of her family tree. I can’t borrow her ancestors, but I do have a small place in the scheme of things.


What of past lives? That is a difficult thing to undertake. Better to find something in your present life on which you can find it.


Family is a nebulous subject for me. I know there is a natural family from which I came, but I have no contact with them. I can’t trace ancestors past my birthday. As to my adopted family, their lineage is not mine. They have not been an active presence in my life for a long time. Then again, who really matters? My answer to this comes from a lifetime of experience.

The people who matter in life are the people who love you and are there for you. And even if you have not seen some of them for years, they are still your people. That is the truth. Family or not, those who do not care for you and those who do not want you may as well be strangers. Focus your goodwill and best intentions on those who love you and show it. They are the people who deserve you. And always remember: actions speak louder than words. A lot of people talk, but the ones who count are the ones who show it in what they do.


This is the last of the latest rundown of the Runes. I will likely do another one in the foreseeable future. If you have enjoyed my work, please consider my books. Profits from the Runes help cover the costs of these websites. They are available here:

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Here is a set of Rune attributes using an interesting version of the Futhark. We contiue to use our old names for the Runes rather than proto-Germanic.

Rune Interpretations


Rune Musings: The Dag Rune – Rise and Fall of Light and Darkness

Dag – Rise and Fall of Light and Darkeness

Calendars have their uses, but sometimes we lose sight because of them. When we consult a calendar, we see a day. There is a twenty-four hour period of time divided into day and night. And that is where we stop. One day equals daytime and night: one and the other.

The reality is that a day is not a single, absolute thing. It is a process of dawn to noon through afternoon to dusk and the dead of night to twilight and then dawn again. Except for the North and South Pole, the day is not an absolute, nor a pair of absolutes. The change at both ends is twilight – “two-light” – a blend of light and darkness as one gives way to the other.

For some things, it is useful to see the Dag Rune as being two absolutes, just it there are situations where one does best to see Day and Night as complementary. For others, we need to consider Day and Night as cyclical processes of growing and waning light followed by increasing and diminishing darkness. The day is a process and for most of us, we live through that process. Breakfast to lunch to dinner. Waking to work and then back home. Relaxing after dinner to going to bed to awakening. Many of the things we do and when we do them are determined by the passage of the day. When we eat and what we eat follow the daily schedule. The early day breakfast differs from the mid-day lunch, which differs from late day dinner. Our sleep, our daily travel and our activities follow the process of day and night.

Most of us live according to the rising and waning of the light. Our schedules are geared to the process that begins with Dawn, changes at Dusk, and resumes with the next Dawn. Our lives are more attuned to the daily cycle than many had realized.

There is a practical precedent for this. It is hard to do farm work in the dark of night. It is also hard to hunt at night. We work when it is possible under the best conditions, and rest when we cannot work. This is reflected in how we live even to this day.

Consider the ramifications. The daily cycle determines work schedules, which subsequently affects commuting. Train and bus schedules are written to coincide with the greatest movement of people. This movement is based heavily on making the best advantage of the day. The roads and rails are busiest in the daytime. Late at night, there is little commuter traffic because fewer travel during the darkest hours. Even our electric use is affected by the time of day. The greatest use of electricity is during the day. Utility companies have to plan for the hours of greatest usage. At night, use of electricity drops considerably. Most businesses are closed at night. The dark hours tend to be cooler, thereby demanding less use of air conditioners in summer. All is affected by passage of daytime and night time.

On one level, the Dag Rune is a balance of opposites. On another, it is a process of moving gradually from one extreme to the next. We do not jump from light to dark. Daylight fades into darkness, and darkness fades into light.

Ponder this gradual aspect of the Dag Rune. It brings to light other facets of this Rune which can be given practical application.


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Rune Musings: Ing Rune – The Seed Thought

Ing – The Seed Thought

Some rune interpretations claim that Hagal is the seed. These are based on the work of a German kabbalist and occultist named Guido von List. I regard von Liszt’s work as a Hermetic attempt at the Runes and put little stock in his work.

The real catalyst is the Ing Rune. This is a Rune of fertility, among other things. (It is also a Rune of agriculture, of the hearth and of protection.) Specifically, it is male fertility. That means it is the thing that starts the process. It is ignition, the spark that starts a fire or lights a fuse. It is the sperm that meets the ovum which starts gestation. Ing is also that germ of thought that starts a movement, a revolution, a leap in technology, a step forward for humanity.

Ing can represent the power of an idea. And here I am in my element.

Many years ago, I began giving a talk called “The Power of an Idea.” And these many years later, I am more convinced than ever that one idea can transform a person’s life, an enterprise, and even a nation. One idea taken, nurtured, supported and put into action can take a dire situation and turn it into a shining success.

The basic concept is that a genuine idea comes with everything necessary for someone to eventually implement it. Eventually? That might mean five minutes, five days, five weeks or years. Each one is different. When the idea presents itself, the work begins. Ideas rarely transform just by popping up. They must be implemented. That means work and planning.

Many an idea has sounded good, but the person who received it lost interest. Maybe he let other things get in the way of the work needed to turn it into results. An idea will not generate results if the person who received it spends all his time in a gin mill or watching the television for hours on end. An idea will fail if he brags about it to friends, and lets these idlers eat up his time.* An idea will be stuck in the station if the person fritters from one thing to the next rather then focusing on making that one idea come to fruition.

The idea will grow and work for the one who works with it and lets nothing keep him from doing all that is necessary.

Thomas Edison had one idea that would make the electric lightbulb. The filament was the idea. Edison tested almost 2,000 materials before he found the best wire for a filament. He knew the idea was right and he worked to make it useable. George Washington Carver had an idea about making the peanut more useful. He knew that he had to subject it to heat and pressure. Subsequent experiments led to 300 new uses for the peanut. Another idea about the sweet potato lead Carver to discover over 150 uses for the plant. Bessemer had one idea and thereby was able to produce steel on an industrial scale. These all began because the individuals had an idea and worked to make results of it.

I used to lecture in a drug and alcohol rehab. One of my talks was the Power of an Idea. One fellow really took it to heart. Tyrell was almost done with his time in rehab. He had no prospects for employment and was only going to be able to stay with a relative for a couple of weeks. Because of antics during the addiction, Tyrell was permanently forced out of a line of work that he loved.

After I gave the talk, Tyrell came to me. He had a lot of questions. Something I said gave him hope that he could earn enough money on his own until a job came along.

Before his addiction took over, Tyrell had learned how to do silk screening and to use the patterns on t-shirts. His one idea was to use that skill to earn enough money for food and shelter. When he finished his time in rehab, he bought the gear he needed and set to work. Most of the shirts had slogans for people in Recovery. Tyrell sold them at meetings for alcoholics and addicts. The man made enough money to get a room and to eat. One idea – his ability to do silk-screening – gave him hope and the means to get back on his financial feet. It served as a bridge until he could find regular employment. Eventually he found a job he liked.

All it takes is one idea and the willingness to put it into action. One idea can make the difference. It demands effort and persistence in order to bring its benefits.


Many times when a new enterprise begins, idlers find it convenient to drop in and waste time. I believe they feed off the creative energy. Of course, they do nothing to enhance it. They are there looking for a place to waste time. Those beginning an enterprise, especially a home business, have to be fastidious in dissuading idlers. These people love to distract from the work with idle
chatter. Some will even have the nerve to try to tell a person how to run his enterprise.

A person who is beginning something has to ward off those who would impede it. That includes chasing off the idlers. Better they get hurt feelings than they contribute to the whole enterprise’s collapse.


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Runic Musings: The Lagu Rune – Fishy Distortion

Lagu – Fishy Distortion

Be it a lake, river, ocean or brook, water has some interesting peculiarities. No matter how clear or murky water is, it distorts what we see when we look into it. Anyone who has tried spear fishing or bow fishing knows this. The fish you see is not exactly where you see it. The only way to spear or shoot the fish is to adjust one’s aim. He aims not where he sees the fish, but where he knows the fish should be. Water obscures the position of the fish.

Try it for yourself. Fill a clear glass halfway with water. Now insert a straw, pencil or other long object. Look at the glass from the side. The top of the straw and the bottom appear offset from one another.

An aspect of Lagu relates to emotions. Indeed, emotions can distort perception just as water distorts the position of things under its surface. How we feel about a thing can affect how we perceive it. That can interfere with getting a realistic view of it. Emotions such a fear, anger, greed, lust, and guilt can very well alter our outlook on a person, thing or situation.

Many years ago, I was counseling a young man who was early in Recovery from addiction. He was at an open discussion for recovering addicts. Several of the people there were newcomers. The young man focused on one woman whom he found attractive. Physically, she was his type. I saw by her behavior that she was a newcomer and her recovery was still at the shaky stage.

The young man had taken one look at her and he was smitten. He told me that he was very much attracted to her. I knew that this was all wrong. The woman needed time to get stronger in recovery. Having a fling with a young recovering addict would not be good for her or him. Nothing I said could dissuade him. For every objection, he had an excuse.

Finally, I asked one thing. “When she starts talking, close your eyes. Really listen to what she is saying. Do that for me.”

The young man agreed.

The discussion started and the young addicts all took a turn speaking, a la “round robin.” (I was not part of the discussion and had to leave until it was over.).

Afterward the young man found me. He looked as if he had seen a ghost. “Wow!” “He said, “That girl is really sick. I’m going to leave her alone.”

By removing the emotional content – in this case, his physical attraction to her – the intellect could work unimpeded. Emotion and instinct told him, “I want her.” Intellect informed him that for his good and hers, she needed to be left alone.

We rarely if ever are able to exclude all emotion. However, we can minimize it to the point that intellect becomes the overriding factor. Instead of seeing a thing masked in the filter of our emotions, we want to see it clearly without any filter at all. Many times, feelings about a thing can diminish our ability to deal with it most effectively.

I am reminded of a woman whose ex-boyfriend was a self-made loser and small-scale scoundrel. Every time he came to her for help, she relented. And every time it happened, she came to regret it. Her problem was that she still had feelings for him and let her emotions override common sense. “He’s not really a bad guy. He’s just a screw-up,” she would say. It was only when one of his antics got way out of control that she finally realized she needed to be rid of him. His misdeed was a glaring fact that no emotion could distort.

Feelings are not facts. Lagu teaches us that emotions can distort how we see things. We must adjust our perception to deal with facts as they really are rather than how we feel about them. Here we see the old formula: Intellect over Emotion.

10,000 years of human civilization has proven that when you put your faith in reason, you tend to get the best results.


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Rune Musings: Mannar Rune – The Good We See and the Bad We Don’t

Mannar – The Good We See and the Bad We Don’t

An aspect of the Mannar Rune is the reconciliation of two sides of ourselves. These are the What – the many roles a person fills, and the Who – the inner person under it all. Ideally, the What serves as an expression of the Who. Normally, what a person is or does is an expression of who they are.


What happens when the inside and outside are in conflict?

There was a woman who was very concerned that people think her a nice, pleasant, dignified person. She was very careful to maintain this image. At least, to people whose opinions she valued. Behind the facade, she was a very resentful person who carried a lot of baggage from a dysfunctional childhood. The woman had a lot of anger over long-past wrongs. Outside, she was pleasant, but inside was a monster.

The meanness worked its way out in other manners. The woman would often berate her son and add, “You are so full of hate.” She treated him worst because she knew she could get away with it. For his part, he wondered what he did that was so wrong. Yet the hate was not his, but hers. She projected her resentments and anger at those around her, accusing them of her ills.

Ironically, much of the woman’s time was spent gossiping about the faults of others. That became her reputation, which she either did not realize or found some way to ignore. Her inner conflict worked its way into visibility through gossip and backbiting. When people distanced themselves from her, she blamed them.

In another case, there was a man who did not like the way he lived. He was in the company of ne’er-do-wells, low-lifes and general miscreants. He lived at the bottom of society. The man came to the conclusion that the problem was the city in which he lived. A job came along that required traveling to different locations for a few months at a time. He took it because he thought that doing so would get him away from the city and thus end his problem.

The first location looked promising .It as a new town and while working there, he met some nice people. Things looked up for a few weeks. Then things changed. He found himself going to the same kind of places doing the same kind of things with the same kind of people he knew in the city. Blaming that town, he felt that when sent to the next location, things would improve. Things looked good for a few weeks, but again, he soon found himself in the same straits as he had been in the city. This process repeated itself at every location. The problem was not the cities and towns, but the man himself. Everywhere he went, he gravitated toward the people, places and things most like himself. The change of location did not work because wherever he went, he brought himself with him.

There is an old story that a man moved to a new town and got into a conversation with an old Quaker. He spoke of his old town. “The people there were horrible. Drunks and bums, liars and thieves. The worst kind of scoundrels.”

The Quaker replied, “And ye shall find them here, also.”

Another man overheard the conversation. he said, “I have to disagree. I lived in that same town. The people there were kind and honest and generous.”

The Quaker said to him, “And ye shall find them here, too.”

Who you are will gravitate to its equivalent . Like attracts like. Water seeks its own level, and so shall you.

In both stories we see the inner nature might be hidden, but at some point will come to the fore. The plain fact is that wearing a facade and blaming woes on others only prolongs the misery. The first step in the process is to recognize one’s true nature, for better or worse.

Things will not change. They cannot be changed until the person changes himself. A hateful person will only find new people to blame unless he or she confronts her own vitriolic spirit. An angry person will continue to create turmoil in his life until he recognizes and remedies his irate self. A mean-spirited person will be despised and avoided until he deals with the thing in himself that causes his spitefulness.

It is said that the world around you is a reflection of yourself. There is nothing esoteric or miraculous there. People gravitate to that which is most akin ot their inner selves. It is not who a person thinks he is, but who he really is that determines where he goes.

In a way, life is often like riding a bicycle. You go in the direction toward which you are looking. Change your focus to change your destination.

The Mannar Rune is the key. It is not in the outer self – the “What” of ourselves – where change must be initiated. True change begins in the “Who” of us – the inner self.


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Rune Musings: the Eh Rune – Horse Magick

Eh – Horse Magick

The Eh Rune is symbolized by the horse. The horse as a spiritual symbol is found throughout Europe, the Middle East and Asia. In Britain, for instance, the image of a horse was dug into a hillside. In Norse literature, we read of the head of a horse being used in a Niding spell.

Are horses magickal?

Let us start with one obvious thing: horses are not among the smartest creatures. Compared to dogs and cats, horses are dullards. It is on an emotional and intuitive level that horses attributes are notable. They tend to be loyal to those they consider friendly, be they humans or other horses. Many a cowboy and cavalryman has been quoted as saying his horse is his partner. The bond is stronger than that of an owner to a pet. When you consider the work of cowboys and cavalry soldiers on horseback, reliance on the animal approaches the intuitive.

Here we need to consider the horse in therapeutic terms. For instance, horses can play a role in therapy for various “special needs” people. We have a relative who is chronologically in his late 20s, but operates on a level not much higher than a toddler. One of the things that benefits him is a program that includes horseback riding. The program includes bonding with the animals. What is intriguing is that “horse therapy” works with a wide variety of people from the mentally and emotionally disabled to those whose problems are strictly physical.

A few miles from here, a stable has a program for helping veterans. The woman who runs the stable claims that connecting with the horses has a healing effect on those with mental and emotional wounds. This is not as odd as it may sound.

The facts speak for themselves. There are many horse-based programs for the disabled, “special needs” and individuals with PTSD. It has been going on for a while. Obviously, there is some kind of healing that can be brought about by contact between people and horses.

This is something that needs to be investigated further from a spiritual and especially Runic perspective.


Rune Musings: Bjork Rune – The Peace that Allows Healing

Bjork – The Peace that Allows Healing. Space and Time to Heal

The Birch Rune is one of the healing Runes, among its many aspects. It is also a Rune of peace and is protective of the young. It also looks like a pair of a woman’s breasts viewed from above.

All this is well and good, but the healing and renewing aspect of the Bjork Rune is our focus right now.

Recuperating from illness or injury often takes time. The body must restore that which is damaged. A wound must be allowed to bind and heal. Organs ravaged by disease need time to regain their integrity. So it is with most medical trauma.

The Bjork Rune may affect a quick healing, but more often, healing takes time.

Time. Recuperation over time also requires rest and peace. It is hard to recover if the person faces hard conditions, or even moderate ones. Simple chores become difficult tasks when one is healing. Everyday stress compounds the difficulty. A person who is healing requires freedom from strenuous activity. For a time, all of his activity must be limited to accommodate the healing process.

An aspect of the Bjork Rune principle is to provide the time and space to heal. This is an outworking of Bjork as a Rune of Peace. This is not an abstract concept, but a practical one. Bjork’s peace aspect actually does something. In the case of those needing time to heal, the Rune can provide an atmosphere free of difficulty. This is the peace that allows the healing process to work unimpeded.

Bjork can buy time to heal and for infants to grow. This is a stable time. Contrast this with the Isa Rune which can also be used to delay or buy time. With Isa, the duration and stability are uncertain.


In Beowulf, one of the kennings for a woman is “peace weaver.” This has a direct correlation to Bjork, which is also a Rune of the Mother,


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Rune Musings: Tyr Rune – Unity, Brotherhood and the Greater Good

Tyr – Unity, Brotherhood and the Greater Good.

Tyr is a Rune of unity. I have often likened it to the thrust of the bayonet, where every movement of the body is coordinated in one motion to strike one target. Legs push and arms extend to put the point of the bayonet into the enemy’s most vulnerable point. This is a good example of unified action.

We see throughout history that the armies and enterprises that were most coordinated to fulfillment of their goal were the most likely to succeed. Unity of purpose meets unity of action. Whether it is an armored division, a basketball team or a marketing department, unity means success. On the other hand, a group that has discord in one or more of its elements is impeded by its disunity.

The Romans understood this. They designed their legions to operate with a singular purpose, coordinating their various element to work together for the one goal. If a legion lost its cohesiveness and became problematic, the Romans had a drastic solution. The unit would be lined in formation. Every tenth man would be executed. Our term “decimation” comes from this process. The threat was that if the legion did not regain it cohesiveness, it could expect another round of decimation. It worked. Unified by their fear of possibly being the next to be executed, the men of the decimated legion corrected themselves.

Part of Unity are the things that maintain a singleness of purpose. We see this in the camaraderie of soldiers. A sense of brotherhood within the ranks, be it military, sports or business, ensures cohesion. The Tyr Rune includes that sense of community which binds a group together. It is a mix of morale and teamwork. The focus is on being the We as well as the Me: the group and the Individual.

Tyr is a Rune and a God of teamwork.


We are warned that “Tyr is not a reconciler of men!” This means that Tyr is not a peacemaker. The peace brought by Tyr is through overcoming and eliminating opposition. While those within a unit may be cohesive, Tyr handles anything opposing it as something to be defeated.

As Runes go, Gyfu and Sig can be trusted to act as peacemakers.


Here is a set of Rune attributes using an interesting version of the Futhark. We contiue to use our old names for the Runes rather than proto-Germanic.

Rune Interpretations

You can get this Artistic Rune Font here



Rune Musings: The Sig Rune and Freedom of Another Sort

Sig – Freedom of another sort

Winters in temperate times have their dangers. Modern folks are used to the conveniences such as heat and electricity. Wintry dangers are rare to us. Nonetheless, winter has always brought hazards that do not exist in the warmer times of the year.

Before the days of snow removal, winter made roads impassable and thereby isolated farms and small communities for months. A lack of fuel for the fire meant freezing. Damage to stored food could result in starving. Ice storms and avalanches were among the hazards out there.

The coming of the warmer months freed people from the limitations caused by winter. Food became more abundant. Cold was no longer a hazard. People could move freely. The roads were unblocked, and travelers going long distances could sleep outdoors. The effects of warmer weather gave people freedom to go about unencumbered.

Indeed, winter is cumbersome. Winter clothing is cumbersome. Winter tasks such as shoveling snow, chopping ice and keeping the heat add to the cold season’s burdens. Summer means no snow or ice, no protective clothing and no heating the house. Fuel is only used for cooking in the warmer months.

The Sig Rune has the power to unencumber and to reduce burdens. That is the type of freedom it provides. It reduces that which impedes. Just as summer releases us from the burdens and dangers of Winter, so Sig can reduce hazards and obstacles while giving us favorable conditions in almost any endeavor. In a way, it is like streamlining that reduces drag and increases velocity. The effect is twofold: releasing the bad and increasing the good.

There should be no surprise, then, that when applied to Victory, the Sig Rune Triumph is one that so overwhelms the opposition as to make its opponent’s counteractions negligible. The adversary is outclassed, outmaneuvered and routed easily. Contrast this with the Tyr victory, which can be a hard-fought triumph. The Sig Victory comes with little or no effort. The Tyr Victory is a fight, no matter how easy or hard.

Using the parlance of the day, the Sig Rune is a “game changer.” It transforms the situation from one of difficulty to one of ease. The analogy of Winter to Summer is fitting in illustrating the Sig Rune’s transformative nature.


Think of walking for hours, wearing a heavy back pack and field gear. Now think of how you feel after dropping the pack and gear. You feel lighter, more agile and free. That is akin to the Sig Rune’s aspect of releasing burdens.
Another analogy is stumbling in darkness, when suddenly the light comes. What had been difficult is now easy to pass. (This use of light is also an aspect of the Dag Rune.)


Rune Musings: The Elk Rune’s Bad Side


The Scandinavian Elk is the same as the North American Moose. It is ideal for depicting this Rune.

Many people are of the opinion that some Runes are safe and that others are dangerous. Likewise, they believe that certain Runes are helpful while others are harmful. The reality is that all Runes have the potential to be both helpful and harmful. This is genuine spirituality. No Rune is entirely safe. All have their dangerous aspects. Some may be harder to handle than others, but all have both beneficial and detrimental aspects.

The Moose is a territorial animal the defends its domain fiercely. A female moose is equally aggressive in defending her young. No wonder the Elk Rune is a protective sigil. It is an active defense that repels harm.

By the same token, the moose can be dangerous. In Alaska, for instance, moose have been known to attack sled dogs with little provocation. Several years ago, a moose and her calf got onto a college campus. A man accidentally got too close to them. He had no idea they were just around the corner until it was too late. The female moose, thinking her calf was endangered, stomped the man with her hooves, killing him. The attack was caught on video.

One of the dangers of the Elk Rune involves its territorial nature. One can protect that which is his. A danger is being overprotective and over-aggressive. He may go so far as to find an intrusion where no such thing has happened. It is paranoia on one hand and raw aggression on the other. The combination makes for a person whose reactions are all out of proportion to the actual problem he wants to resolve. Another word for it is overkill.

Think of the person who responds to all trespassers with a round of buckshot. It does not matter to him if they are hunters or small children playing. Look at some of the disputes between neighbors. Things that could be settled by cooler heads become ongoing wars when neither side is reasonable. Every little thing is taken as both provocation and cause for retaliation.

An interesting story comes from History. Russia had bought mineral rights in Manchuria from the Chinese. In losing the Russo-Japanese war in 1905, these rights were ceded to Japan. The arrangement was an easy one. China maintained the border and the province. Japan handled the mines, railroads and other facilities it controlled. The rights were leased from China. As the Chinese and Russians were on good terms, the border region was peaceful

In 1932, the Japanese launched a coup to take over Manchuria. It is known as the infamous Mukden Incident. Japan forced the Chinese out of Manchuria. Among the many problems it caused for the Japanese, the border with Russia and Mongolia became a hot spot. Japan and Russia were not on friendly terms. To the contrary! Mongolia was Russia’s ally. With the Chinese gone, the Japanese were responsible for defending the border. Hostile border incidents almost launched the two countries in war. Neither side would compromise. There would be a hostile incident, after which diplomats would try to smooth things over. Border conflicts were commonplace and the diplomats were kept scrambling. The worst of these clashes was at Nomonhan in 1939. Though peace was restored, the aftermath affected the course of history that eventually put Japan against us in World War II.

None of this would have happened if the Chinese controlled the Manchurian border.

.The Manchurian fiasco illustrates the Elk Rune excesses on an international scale. Whether it is two nations skirmishing over a border or two neighbors squabbling irrationally, the principle is the same. Both are cases where the defense of a border leads to the offensive. Reason takes a back seat to territorial hostility.

In its normal mode, the Elk Rune is a defender and a repeller of danger. Skewed by human frailty, it can become a defense that is irrationally aggressive.


A person on the bad side of the Elk Rune is the type who responds to every affront, real or imagined. His own over-defensive nature makes him easily manipulated. He must respond to every little intrusion. A cunning adversary can keep him running like a chicken with its head cut off.


If you want to learn more of the Runes, we offer several books on the subject. Look under the Our Books and Publications heading here:

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